Cute tiger cub

Kittens and cubs at WHF

There have been many kittens and cubs born at WHF and we have been lucky enough to photograph some of them. My favourite are the Pallas Cat kittens, specifically, Tula and Wei-Shand’s first litter, which consisted of two boys – Caspian and Aduva; and two girls – Pamir and Ulan Bator.  The boys eventually went to Jardin des Plantes, while Ulan Bator went to Parc de Felins and Pamir to the Rare Species Conservation Centre.

I have had the pleasure of watching Pamir grow up at the RSCC and have even visited Ulan Bator at Parc de Felins but haven’t quite made it to see the boys.

Pallas Cat Kitten

We were quite fortunate to be able to photograph the Pallas Cat kittens as they were off-show at the time but we were allowed to photograph them from a safe distance away. This was more for the kittens’ safety than ours since they are vulnerable to toxoplasmosis until they are 4 years old!

Pallas cat kitten sitting on a rock

Toba and Kubu, the Sumatran Tiger Cubs have given us some wonderful photographic opportunities since they were 10 weeks old.  Access to the kittens and cubs at WHF is a lot more limited than say the RSCC but we still managed to capture images of them at 10 weeks, 16 weeks and then at 1 year old. Here they are at 10 weeks old.

Sumatran Tiger Cub close-up

At 16 weeks, these Sumatran Tiger Cubs still looked cute but you could see their faces were already changing. It was just lovely, watching them playing together.

I love you bro - sumatran tiger cubs kissing

Playing and practising their stalking skills…

Stalking practice

I mean, how could you resist this face?

Soulful eyes

And those beautiful eyes.

Sumatran tiger cub - Endangered cat

As young sub adult tigers, Toba and Kubu they have lost all their cubbish looks and you can see what magnificent adults they are growing to be.

Sub adult male sumatran tigers

Xizi the Amur Leopard has also had two litter of cubs but we only managed to visit the second litter – a boy and a girl named Manchurian and Zeya respectively.

Amur leopard cubs at WHF having a discussion

Taking photos of the amur leopard cubs proved to be quite challenging as Xizi was an extremely protective mother and kept charging at the fence.

Amur Leopard Cub at WHF

Samia, the Serval cat was brought into WHF specifically to breed with Malawi. The result was also a boy, Mwazi and a girl named Jua.

Two month old serval cat kitten

These adorable kittens were just 2 months old when we visited them and as cute as a button. I look forward to having the opportunity to photograph them again as they get older.

A Study in Cute Kittens and Cubs at WHF

Backlit fox cub

British Wildlife Centre in Autumn

I didn’t think I would be going back to the British Wildlife Centre this year after my last visit, but when they announced the arrival of a new Scottish Wildcat male for Kendra, well… how could I resist?

It was also a pleasant surprise to see Flo and Frodo’s cubs.  I suspect though that it won’t be long before the cubs go off to their new home.

Attentive british wildlife fox cub

We have always been extremely lucky with the Scottish Wildcats at the British Wildlife Centre.  Sadly, our luck ran out today.  With the exception of Dougal and Una, the others did not make an appearance at all.

Scottish wildcat yawning

Whilst I was disappointed, I wasn’t surprised.  As mentioned in earlier posts, both Kendra and Iona have had a hard time this year – the sisters had both lost their respective mates and their litters.  In Kendra’s case, she had actually given birth to a second litter.  Tragically, all the kittens died after just a few weeks.

Turbo, the baby Hedgehog is almost the same size as his father now.


I don’t think I will ever get over my bird phobia, but the more time I spend with owls, the more I am growing to like them.

Tawny Owl looking up

Stirling, one of the resident British Otters.  We’ve never had the opportunity to photograph Stirling before so this was a real treat.  He is such a lovely otter and so obliging when it comes to photo calls.

Happy otter

Velvet’s kittens were out and about so we took the opportunity to get some shots of them.

Pop up polecat

We did one final session with the fox cubs at the end of the day.  Since this was probably the last time we would see them here, we made the most of the opportunity.

Red Fox Cub

Red Stag

British Wildlife At Wildwood Trust

The Wildwood Trust is home to an extensive collection of British wildlife.  Animals that have inhabited Britain for the last 10,000 years and animals that have been hunted to extinction in the UK.

I had heard many good things about this ancient forest, which is located between the historic city of Canterbury and the pretty coastal town of Herne Bay, so was extremely excited to finally get the chance to see it for myself.

Fallow Deer were introduced to this country by the Normans in the 10th Century, and now live wild in woodland in the UK. The Fallow Deer can be identified by its tan/brown fur and white spots on the flank. The males have branched antlers, which are grown new each year ready for the autumn mating season. The antlers have a broad flat area like the palm of a hand and the number of branches on the antler increases with age.

Fallow Deer

Wild Boar are members of the pig family, and used to roam wild in the UK until they were hunted to extinction in the 1300s. They are the size of a large dog but far heavier, with dark grey skin and reddish brown bristles. Fortunately, Wild Boar exist in the UK, in the wild again, albeit in isolated areas, having escaped from Wild Boar farms. However these animals are extremely shy so the chances of seeing one in the wild is remote.

Wild Boar at the Wildwood Trust

The Red Deer is our largest land mammal, standing over a metre to the shoulder. Its summer coat is reddish brown to brown and there are no spots present in adult coat.

Red Stag in the woods

Standing at up to 2m tall and almost 3m long, the European Bison is the largest terrestrial animal in Europe and once roamed from southern Britain as far as Russia.  It became extinct in the wild in 1927 when the last wild Bison was shot and killed.

Bison photographed at the Wildwood Trust

The Eurasian Lynx became extinct in Britain due to hunting for their fur and habitat loss. They have been absent from this country for at least 1500 years.  Did you know that the Lynx is the third largest predator in Europe, after the Brown Bear and Wolf? The long tufts on their ears help this stealthy and solitary cat to hear better.

Lynx sisters

Wildwood is home to a pair of Lynx sisters who love nothing better than to lounge in the sun.  They are generally very chilled but turn your backs to them at your peril!

The Otter is a member of the weasel family (Mustelid) and lives in lakes, streams and rivers around the UK. It is endangered, but its populations are recovering after almost reaching extinction from absorbing the poisonous weed killer DDT from the animals it ate. Only last week, it was confirmed that there were now Otters in every county.  How wonderful is that?

Otter covered in algae

The Badger is another member of the Mustelid family.  This little one is an orphan, just like Honey at the British Wildlife Centre.

Inquisitive badger cub

Wolves and humans have a long adversarial history. Though they almost never attack humans, Wolves are considered one of the animal world’s most fearsome natural villains. It is this unfair reputation which has caused them to be hunted to extinction in England by the 15th Century.

The Wolves of Wildwood are split into two groups.  The wild pack consists of four related Wolves and two hand-reared Wolves who are sisters.  The hand-reared Wolves were born to the Wolf Pack but rescued when their den became flooded. They had to spend so long with people whilst their den was fixed, they could not be returned to the pack.

Wolf in the forest

The European Beaver is a native British species but was hunted to extinction in the UK centuries ago for their fur. Beavers are entirely vegetarian and use their sharp teeth to chop down trees and strip away bark and leaves. Some of the trunks of these trees they use to build a dam across a stream, which creates an artificial lake.

Beaver photographed at the Wildwood Trust

There were so many more animals (and birds) at Wildwood than I had the time to photograph.  It truly is a lovely place to visit and the facilities are superb.  We will be back!

Bold fox cub

Fox cubs in evening sunlight

Our third and final workshop at the British Wildlife Centre was with another photography group – this was by far the largest group I had been with and I was concerned about how many photo opportunities we would be able to get.  But with the exception of one ignoramus, it turned out to be ok.  We haven’t been especially lucky with the weather on our last few photographic expeditions and today was no exception.  As we went through the health and safety talk (which we could barely hear over the extremely loud thunder), the rain came down like a monsoon.

The rain eventually went away enabling us to commence our first session with Flo, Frodo and their 4 cubs.

A flash of fox cub

Given I was only at the British Wildlife Centre less than a fortnight ago, I was pleased to see that the cubs still looked “young”.  Babies grow up too fast in my opinion.

Bright eyed fox cub

Not wanting to overfeed the cubs so that they wouldn’t come out in the evening, we moved on to see the otters.

Otter in pastels

Honey the badger cub. This is where the size of the group became a slight issue.  There were simply too many of us and not enough space to get decent shots of her.  It didn’t help that Honey was obsessed with the keeper’s legs and kept wanting to climb them!

Badger cub sniffing leaves

Velvet the Polecat recently gave birth to 7 kittens.  We had hoped to see them today but mum was too hungry and kept eating all the food rather than taking it to her babies.

Polecat perched on log

The British Wildlife Centre have been extremely unlucky with their wildcats this year.  Both Kendra and her sister Iona lost their litters and their respective mates, Lex and Angus.  Iona has now moved in with Kendra, leaving the enclosure that she used to share with Angus free for her litter from last year to occupy.

We hadn’t expected to see Kendra as she had been having a bad week.  First, she had been netted so that she could be vaccinated and then her sister had moved in with her.  But to our surprise, she came out to greet us.

Watchful wildcat

We didn’t stay long with her as we didn’t want to cause her any unnecessary stress.  Plus, it was time to go back to the fox cubs for our second session with them.

All four cubs will be re-homed at the end of the summer, when they are just a bit too big for the enclosure and boisterous for the parents, so this really was our last chance to see them before they leave.

Portrait of a fox cub

I hadn’t fully appreciated just how tiny the little owls were, or how cute! And that’s saying something considering I have a bird phobia!

Little owl perched on a stump

With the light fading fast, the Tawny Owl was our last subject.

Portrait of a tawny owl

In spite of the weather, it was another good photographic day. I was especially glad to be able to get some more pictures of Flo and Frodo’s cubs before they leave for their new homes.  We currently don’t have any plans to go back to the British Wildlife Centre this year but if there is an opportunity to photograph Velvet’s kits and Isla and Richie Jr (Iona’s litter from last year), then the situation may change.

Close-up red ruffed lemur

Apenheul Primate Park

Apenheul Primate Park is located in the Woudhuizer Bos forest in Apeldoorn, Netherlands.  It opened in 1971 as a small but revolutionary zoo, the first and only zoo in the world where monkeys not only live and roam freely in the forest but are also free to walk around the visitors.

The man behind the concept was Rotterdam photographer, Wim Mager, who in an age where owning exotic animals was still legal, owned 2 Tamarins. He created the apen-heul (from apen meaning monkeys, and heul, an old Dutch word for a safe haven).  The concept was simple: primates thrive better in more natural environments than in cages with bars. By allowing them to live in large and natural enclosures in the forest, the primates were able to form ideal social groups and to reproduce successfully.

Our journey to Apeldoorn was easy and very relaxing.  We caught the overnight super ferry from Harwich to the Hook of Holland and from there, it was a 2 hour drive to the park.  I don’t normally like travelling by ferry but the super ferry was something else.  Free wifi, on board cinema room showing the latest films, multiple restaurants, bars and play areas for children and teenagers.  The rooms were all well appointed and the beds extremely comfortable.

Due to terrible traffic, we didn’t arrive at Apenheul Primate Park until 11.30am local time.  It was decided that we should maximise our time in the park and check in to the hotel at the end of the day.

As we entered the park, one of the helpful keepers informed us that they were just about to feed the lemurs so we headed straight to their area. I’ve never been able to get a good picture of the red ruffed lemur due to fencing or the location of their enclosure.  However, this was not a problem here at Apenheul.

Red ruffed lemur at Apenheul Primate Park

Apenheul Primate Park are currently celebrating a baby boom.  Aside from baby ring tailed lemurs, they also have baby gorillas, baby bonobos, baby squirrel monkeys and an adorable baby orangutan.

Did you know that baby orangutans literally cling to their mothers for the first 8 years of their lives? Humans and orangutans share 97% of their DNA so it should come as no surprise that the orangutan is the most loving, maternal and gentle of all primates.  They literally do not have a nasty or vicious streak in the entire species.

Baby Orangutan

On the other hand, humans share 98% of their DNA with monkeys which kill and rape their own species.  Amazing what a difference that 1% can make isn’t it?  Makes you wonder what is hidden in the 2% that makes us humans the way we are….

The orangutans sensed a change in the weather and proceeded to move under shelter.  They weren’t wrong. Within minutes, the heavens opened up big time.  We sought shelter at one of the food areas and decided to have lunch whilst the weather rained itself out.  As the skies cleared, we made our way to see the gorillas as it was close to their feeding time.

This magnificent Silver Back male is the father of all the juveniles and babies in the group.

Silverback gorilla at Apenheul Primate Park

We had planned to use our flash guns off-camera in order to avoid giving the gorillas red eyes.  However, the bracket was heavy and there was no way to secure the flash gun securely to it so we left the flash guns on the camera instead. Given the distance between the gorillas and us, having them on the camera didn’t actually matter.

Female silverback gorilla

The gorillas seemed to know when the talk about them was over as they all left as we applauded the keeper.  We moved on to look for the Macaques.

A Lion Tailed Macaque.

Lion Tailed Macaque with windswept hair

The Barbary Macaques.

Barbary Macaque photographed at Apenheul Primate Park

Trying to photograph the Golden Lion Tamarins resulted in many photographs being discarded as they were so fast moving.

Golden Lion Tamarin in tree at Apenheul Primate Park

The following morning, we arrived at the park at 10am and headed straight to the lemur enclosure.

Ring Tailed Lemur posing as the thinker

Although Apenheul is primarily a primate park, it is also home to other mammals like the Coati and birds such as the Ibis and Hornbills.  The route to the exit of the park is through an aviary.  Since I have a bird phobia, this proved to be problematic for me.  Luckily there was a shortcut that I could take that bypassed the aviary.

Whilst waiting for David to finish taking photos in the aviary, I took the opportunity to take pictures of the primates situated near the exit. The Titi Monkey seemed happy to be sharing space with the Pied and Golden Headed Lion Tamarin.

Titi Monkey as photographed by Pui Hang Miles at Apenheul Primate Park

We left the park at closing time and despite having spent 2 days there, we still didn’t manage to get round to photographing all the primates that call Apenheul home.  This was due to the inclement weather which frequently saw us running for cover.  On the plus side, it gives us an excuse to revisit later on in the year.

Vixen in the meadow

British Wildlife Animals and their Babies

Due to circumstances beyond our control, I was unable to go with David when he went to the British Wildlife Centre to photograph their babies.  It was 10 days later before I was able to follow suit.  I prayed that the weather would be kinder to me than it had to him and as I headed towards BWC, it looked like my prayers had been answered.

I was excited for two reasons. The first and most obvious reason was because I was going to get the chance to photograph baby British wildlife animals; the second reason – this was going to be my first outing with my brand spanking new lens. A Canon 28mm-300mm L Series lens.  I’d been increasingly frustrated by always seeming to have the wrong lens attached to my camera body and thus missing out on some great photo opportunities.  It was my hope that my new lens would solve this problem.

Our group consisted of just 3 people including myself – this worked for me as it meant that taking photos would be a lot easier with better opportunities to get that special shot.  Our first stop was one of the fox enclosures to meet Josh and Biscuit.

Biscuit decided that she wanted to play shy today so Josh ‘man’fully stepped up to the plate to fill the gap.

Fox looking upwards

While we were photographing Josh, our keeper for the day, Laura, noticed that Frodo had emerged and asked if we would like to take pictures of him.  Hoping that his cubs might come out and play, we agreed to move to the next enclosure.  However, we were in there for barely 5 minutes when the heavens opened up. We took cover under a bush, hoping that the rain would pass but it didn’t.  As it became heavier, we realised that we needed to seek more substantial cover.  We barely made it back to the cafe before the rain became torrential.

After about 10 minutes, the weather cleared up enough for us to venture forth again.  I asked if anyone would mind if we visited the Scottish Wild Cats before moving on to see the otters.  My fellow photographers were fine with this so we went to visit Una and Kendra.

So much had happened to the Scottish Wild Cats since my last visit in February.  I had not expected to see Una still alive given her various ailments but there she was, looking better than ever (apart from a healing eye infection).  Kendra, on the other hand had suffered much loss.  She gave birth to kittens in April but due to an abcess in her mouth, she hadn’t been able to bring the kittens in during a cold snap and they had died.  Then, a few weeks later, she lost her mate Lex to kidney failure.

When I saw the pictures that David had taken of Kendra, I had been shocked at her condition.  I am pleased to say that she looked a lot better when I saw her.

When female big cats such as lionesses and leopardess lose their young, the shock sends them back into oestrus.  I asked Laura, if this could happen with cats.  She confirmed that there have been cases and they were hoping that perhaps Kendra might be pregnant again with Lex’s last litter.  Given everything she has gone through in the space of a few months, I sincerely hope that she is.

Kendra is a beautiful and feisty girl and my favourite animal at the British Wildlife Centre.   I will be watching her progress closely, hoping that she has a better latter half of 2011.

beautiful british wildlife wildcat

Meet Lily.  She’s a European Otter and incredibly funny.  Her antics remind me very much of my little Bella.  My favourite trick of Lily’s is when she dives underwater and you can track her progress by her air bubbles.  How sweet is that?

Lily and her mate Oscar are expecting baby otters soon.  Members of my family and extended family will be smiling as they read this and learn the names of the otters….

cute british wildlife otter

I had hoped to get some pictures of the hedgehogs on the grass, but it started to rain again.  Having seen how quickly the light rain could turn torrential, we decided not to take the risk and head back to the cafe for a tea break.  This turned out to be a very good idea.

Hoglet on the log

The rain lasted a lot longer this time but once it stopped, we headed back out to meet Honey, the orphaned Badger cub. This little cutie arrived at the centre in April and has been a huge hit with everyone she meets.

British wildlife badger cub

The rain came again as we were photographing Toby, one of the adult badgers.  We thought we would have to beat a retreat again, but luckily, the shower was short-lived.

I think it’s safe to say that this has been the best fox photography day I have had so far.

British red fox in a field of flowers

During the initial downpour, we had been offered the option to cancel the british wildlife photography afternoon and evening and to re-schedule for another time when the weather was better.  Given the amazing photo opportunities we got in spite of the rain, I’m glad we decided to stick it out.

As for my new lens – I think there was perhaps one single occasion when I was in with the fox cubs that I wished I had my 100mm-400mm lens with me but otherwise, I suspect that this will be my future lens of choice for photography.  The images are definitely sharper than those taken with my 100mm-400mm lens and despite my initial reservations about its weight (it is heavier than the 100mm-400mm), it’s actually ok for me to hold and use.

Many people refer to the 28mm-300mm as the travel lens but for me, I think my 100mm-400mm will remain my travel lens when I am out on safari in Africa or India.  I used a 300mm lens when I was out in Bandhavgarh last year and it just simply didn’t have the range for a lot of the shots I wanted to take.

I’ll be returning to the British Wildlife Centre in a fortnight’s time to see how all the cubs are progressing.  Who knows, maybe I’ll get lucky and manage to get some shots of the polecat kittens!

Baby Ring-Tailed Lemur

Wingham Wildlife Park

Wingham Wildlife Park is a small zoo located between Canterbury and Sandwich.  Until the arrival of the tiger cubs Troy and Blade, it was unfortunately best known as the zoo that lost a Meerkat, which was subsequently found dead in a dog waste bin.

The zoo faced a lot of criticism over how the Meerkat came to be taken and claimed that steps had been taken to prevent a re-occurence.  Whilst some things have changed, I personally don’t feel that they have done enough, especially since there is at least one enclosure which remains insecure.

Meerkat in profile

In April 2011, Wingham Wildlife Park became home to a pair of 3 week old tiger cubs.  The cubs have been named Troy and Blade and were abandoned by their mother who gave birth to them in a Berlin zoo.  When we went to visit them, these adorable little cubs were just shy of 12 weeks old.

Tiger cubs play fighting in the grass

Troy and Blade are hybrid Bengal tiger cubs. There is only one pure breed Bengal tiger in Europe and she resides at the Wildlife Heritage Foundation in Smarden. For those of you who are regulars to my blog, you will know her already – her name is Padmini.

Bengal Tiger Cub on grass at Wingham Wildlife Park

After the keeper had shown off Troy and Blade to the general public, we were allowed to take photographs of the adorable tiger cub brothers.  Troy can be identified by the fact that he has the darker coat of the two.

12 week old Bengal Tiger Cub taken at Wingham Wildlife Park

The biggest challenge we faced whilst taking photographs of the cubs was the keeper. I’m sure he meant well by interacting with the cubs but none of us actually wanted him in any of our photographs.  I found many a photo ruined by his legs or him suddenly standing in front of us in order to encourage the cubs to approach us.

Tiger cub practicing stalking at Wingham Wildlife Park

The Lemur enclosure is one of those affected by the new security measures that have been put in place since the theft of the Meerkat.  Whilst it is still a walk through enclosure, admittance is now only when a member of staff is in attendance within. Considering how many baby lemurs there are, I can’t say that I am surprised.

Ring-Tailed Lemur twins

I had no idea how sweet and gentle these lovely creatures were until we actually interacted with them.  They were naturally inquisitive and seemed to enjoy jumping onto our shoulders to examine our cameras and allowing us to give them a gentle stroke.  Their fur, by the way, is extremely soft.

Piggy Back Ride

One thing I will say for Wingham Wildlife Park is that they have an incredibly successful breeding program.  There were a lot of babies at the park, including Prairie Dog babies. Their enclosure is at the farthest end of the park and probably also the quietest area. I was therefore surprised and dismayed at how insecure the enclosure was.  Yes, there was a small electric fence to ensure that the Prairie Dogs did not escape but the wall is so low that there is nothing to stop someone from stepping over and taking one.  Perhaps the staff think that the Prairie Dog’s sharp claws are a strong enough deterrent for any would be thief….

Pop-up Prairie Dog at Wingham Wildlife Park

I’ve never really been a fan of the Black and White Ruffed Lemurs.  I’ve always thought their black faces made them look aggressive but today, I found out that I was completely wrong about them.

Black and White Ruffed Lemur

Not only are they extremely gentle creatures, but they also have a lovely but curious temperament.  One of the adults was so curious about my jeans that he actually bumped his nose against my knee.

Wingham Wildlife Park is a lovely little zoo but it has a long way to go by way of security measures and making it a centre of excellence.  I actually witnessed a girl remove the Black Headed Caique from its perch, despite signs requesting that the bird not be touched.  When I reported the incident to nearby staff, they retrieved the bird but seemed reluctant to remonstrate the girl for blatantly disregarding their notice.

In addition, given the amount of chicken and fowl that are simply allowed to roam freely around the park, I was surprised at the amount of cigarette butts lying on the ground for them to pick up.  I also have to admit to not being entirely comfortable about eating my food outside whilst surrounded by the same fowl. What happened to keeping animals and birds out of eating areas?

Royal Bengal Tiger Cub profile

The tiger cubs are clearly the big money spinner for the park.  Since their arrival, visitor numbers have just gone up and up. I will certainly revisit the park to see how Troy and Blade are progressing. Here’s to hoping that the security measures at the park are simply a work in progress and will improve.

Cheeky marbled tree frog

Frogs and other Tropical Species

For my next foray into macro photography, we decided to have a go at photographing frogs, a chameleon, gecko and a toad.  I found the toad to be the most difficult to photograph as I wanted a decent reflection and had trouble getting the angle right.  I think I got there in the end though

Marbled Reed Frog


American Green Tree Frog


Yemen Chameleon


Gargoyle Gecko


Ornate Horned Frog

Eye of the Tiger

WHF Smarden

The WHF (Wildlife Heritage Foundation) was where David had his first proper nature photography lesson back in 2009, so it was only fitting that my first proper lesson was also here. My photo day was bought for me by David as a wedding anniversary present.

Since that day, we have been back to photograph the big cats and the little cats at WHF Smarden many times and in the process, have gotten to know both the cats and the wonderful volunteers who look after the place very well. It would be so easy to fill my blog with the photos that I have taken at WHF but I prefer to share a few images of some of my favourite cats.

Xizi an amur leopardess of WHF Smarden

Meet Xizi, an amur leopard. In the time we have known her, she has had three litters of gorgeous cubs. Her son, Argun, may be seen in the gallery below.

A Snow Leopard of WHF Smarden

Ranschan was my very first snow leopard and he remains my favourite. He wasn’t always obliging for the camera but when he was in the mood, he made a fantastic model.

Murphy the Snarling Cheetah from WHF Smarden

Murphy the cheetah, affectionately known as “Smurf” is a superstar when it comes to posing for the camera. He has the most amazing collection of facial expressions and it is all too easy to forget that he is not a domestic cat.

Clouded Leopard photographed at WHF Smarden

Ben the Clouded Leopard was a former resident of Santago until the rare leopards project was closed down following the death of owner and founder Peter James.  The loss of Peter is a huge blow to cat conservation – many of the big cats that can be found at WHF, Paradise Wildlife Park and other sanctuaries around the world were rescued by Peter. David and I were one of the last people to visit Santago before it closed in 2009.

Sumatran Tiger as photography by Pui Hang Miles at WHF Smarden

Nias the Sumatran Tiger has fathered two litters of cubs in the time that we have known him. Sumatrans are instantly recognisable by their slightly mad looking faces. You can read more about his second litter of cubs, Toba and Kubu here Kittens and cubs at WHF.

Eurasian Lynx at WHF Smarden

Petra is an ex-TV star. She was retired from the world of animal actors after she got a bit too playful on set. Considering photographers are actually allowed into the enclosure with her now, I think it would be fair to say that she has calmed down.

Snarling Puma from WHF Smarden

WHF Smarden is home to two puma sisters, Valentina and Viktoria. The former (pictured above) gives wonderful snarls whilst Viktoria likes to entertain her audience by jumping across water.

Juvenile fishing cat from WHF Smarden

Neptune the fishing cat came to WHF Smarden with his brother Aquarius and sister Angel as part of the deal that saw Pamir the Pallas Cat move from WHF to the Rare Species Conservation Centre. The timing of their move was quite fortuitous as their father had started to become intolerant of their presence and it was only a matter of time before he hurt one of the kittens.

Below is a gallery of more of my favourite images from WHF Smarden. I hope you enjoy looking at them and would love to hear your thoughts on my photos. As ever, click on a thumbnail to see a larger image.